Petchkovsky, L., Robertson-Gillam, K., Kropotov, J., and Petchkovsky, M. (2013). Using QEEG parameters (asymmetry, coherence and P3a novelty response) to track improvement in depression after music therapy. Advances in Mental Health, 11(3): 257-267. [June 2013]
This pilot study reports the findings from a sub-group of nine patients (from a cohort of 32 middle-aged ambulant depressive patients undergoing an intensive 8-week choral singing programme) who received 'before' and 'after' quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG). 'Before' and 'after' mental state examinations and Beck Depression Inventory showed significant improvement (p < 0.001). Group spectral analysis of resting QEEG showed greater L/R hemispheric symmetry of activity, reduction of right polar pre-frontal hyper activity, and reduction of hypercoherence (all reported depressive parameters). Event related potentials results revealed that an initially heightened P3a novelty cingulate gyrus response reduced significantly over the course of the treatment (p < 0.05).
Robertson-Gillam, K., Atherton, M., and Petchkovsky, L. (2013). Breaking the silence and singing out the pain: Voice work for traumatised clients, CAPA Quarterly, Issue One 2013, Sydney, Australia: Counsellors & Psychotherapists Association: 18-22. ISSN 1835-937X. Peer reviewed journal article. [February 2013]
This article defines and describes how individual vocal improvisation and a choir support program (developed by Kirstin Robertson-Gillam) can enhance existing practices for addressing psychological trauma. The efficacy of these creative approaches is described and supported by their underlying theories. A pivotal case study and research in this area.
Petchkovsky, L., Robertson-Gillam, K., and Kropotov, Y., (2012). Using QEEG parameters (asymmetry, coherence, and P3a novelty response) to track improvement in the treatment of depression. Proceedings, Australian Cognitive Neuroscience Conference, 29 November - 2 December 2012, Brisbane. Peer reviewed conference paper.
Robertson-Gillam, K. (2012). Choir therapy as a psychotherapeutic intervention for reducing depression in mid to later life, Proceedings of the 11th National Conference of Emerging Researchers in Ageing, 19-20 November 2012, Brisbane, University of Queensland: 76-79. Peer reviewed paper. [This paper and the associated presentation at the conference won the Helen Bartlett Prize for Innovation in Ageing Research 2012.]
This research project investigated the efficacy of choir therapy to reduce mid to later life depression.Thirty-two community dwelling volunteers from the Blue Mountains, west of Sydney, aged 48-73 years participated in the study. Some were allocated to the choir group (N=21) and the remainder to a wait list control group (N=11). In addition to the main study, a pilot trial (N=9), using electroencephalographic technology (QEEG) was conducted with participants randomly selected from the choir in order to investigate whether any brain changes occurred as the result of choir singing. The results showed that choir therapy as a psychological intervention treatment could effectively improve quality of life, thereby reducing depression in mid to later life.
Robertson-Gillam, K. (2012). Hearing the Voices of Dementia: A Person-centred Approach, CAPA Quarterly, Issue Four 2012, Sydney, Australia: Counsellors & Psychotherapists Association: 12-16. ISSN 1835-937X. Peer reviewed journal article. [November 2012]
The gradual decline of cognitive abilities that typify the dementing process appear to diminish one's sense of personhood. It seems that those we love gradually fade away over time, leaving behind a shell of the person we once knew and loved. Do they really disappear? Or do they go into another time zone, another space where life is different than it was previously? After a decade of research into dementia and depression in older people, I have come to believe that our loved ones are still there and that we must find them by developing a new perspective.
Robertson-Gillam, K. (2011). Can choir singing reduce depression in mid to later age?, Proceedings of the 10th National Conference of Emerging Researchers in Ageing, 25 November 2011, Sydney, University of NSW: 99-105. Peer reviewed paper.
The preliminary results of this study indicate that choral therapy has more than entertainment value. It meets much deeper needs for those involving themselves in it and is significant in developing resources to face life's challenges. Choir membership generates a feeling of belonging to a group; a need all of us carry into old age. Moreover, it dispels feelings of isolation, hopelessness and lack of purpose which can mortify one's sense of self identity and sink vulnerable individuals into misery and despair as they approach old age. The potential impact of this choir therapy research is promising for increased health and wellbeing in later life with social isolation as one of the major factors..
Robertson-Gillam, K. (2010). Can choir singing reduce depression in mid to later age? A research project with QEEG testing, Proceedings of the SEMPRE Music Health & Welling conference, 9-10 September 2011, Folkestone UK, University of Canterbury.
Robertson-Gillam, K. (2010). Can symptoms of adult depression be reduced with choral singing? Music therapy -- transformation and wellbeing, Proceedings of the 20th Annual TheMHS Conference, 14-17 September 2010, Darling Harbour, Sydney. Peer reviewed paper.
This study demonstrated that choir therapy when compared to reminiscence therapy has a higher potential for mitigating symptoms of depression in people with dementia. The social interaction of choir singing along with learning the skill of singing seemed to be a potent combination for increasing quality of life and a sense of wellbeing.
Hitting The Right Note
Aged Care INsite
New research shows there are caveats to successful music therapy programs.
Canadian Aging Horizons Bulletin
Interview about the potential for choir work to enhance the lives of older adults living in residential care settings.
Hello in There
Music Council of Australia
Music Forum magazine, v13, no2, 2007
Music therapist, Kirstin Robertson-Gillam, uses choir therapy to help older people connect with their past, their future, their breath and the power of silence.
Songs to Remember
Sydney Morning Herald, Sunday Life.
Interviewed by Claire Scobie
The healing power of music has been known for aeons but only recently have aged-care facilities discovered its ability to provide relief for those who have Alzheimer’s disease.
Creative Counselling: Listening to the Space Between
29-30 May 2010, Sydney
Annual Conference of the NSW Counsellors & Psychotherapists Association (CAPA).
Expression of Hearts and Voices: Creative Spirited Living for People with Dementia
October 2009, Adelaide
4th International Conference on Creative Expression, Communication and Dementia.